| by Arround The Web | No comments

Python OS Mkdir

There are several built-in Python modules for working with files and directories. The “os” module provides a set of methods that allow you to interact with the operating system, including creating, deleting, and renaming directories. To set up a new directory/folder, we will use the “os.mkdir()” method. This is a built-in method provided by the “os” module in Python.

In this post, we will explore the “Python os.mkdir()” method using numerous examples. Let’s start with the below-listed content:

What is the “Python os.mkdir()” Method?

The “os.mkdir()” method is utilized to create a new directory at the specified path. The method returns an error if the directory/folder already exists.


os.mkdir(path, mode= 0o777, *, dir_fd= None)

In the above syntax:

  • The “path” parameter specifies the path of the directory where it needs to be created.
  • The optional parameter “mode” indicates the mode of the directory to be created/generated. (Default value is “0o777”).
  • dir_fd” serves as a file descriptor specifically for the directory. (Default value is “None”).

Example 1: Utilizing the “os.mkdir()” Method to Create a Single Directory
This example is used to create a single directory at a specified location using the “os.mkdir()” method:

import os
print('New Directory Successfully Created!')

In the above code, apply the “os.mkdir()” to create a new directory by specifying the complete path along with the name of the directory, respectively, and print the stated success message.


In the above output, it can be analyzed that the directory named “new_directory” has been created successfully.

Example 2: Utilizing the “os.mkdir()” Method to Create Multiple Directories
In this example, the discussed method can be applied to create multiple directories instead:

import os
location = r'C:\Users\p\Documents\program'
directories = ['directory1', 'directory2', 'directory3']
for directory in directories:
    os.mkdir(os.path.join(location, directory))

In the above code:

  • The path of the directory is assigned to the variable “location”.
  • The name of the multiple directories is initialized in a list named “directories”.
  • Lastly, the “for” loop iterates over the list of directories and creates all the multiple directories in the list using the combined “os.mkdir()” and “os.path.join()” methods.


The above output shows that multiple directories have been created successfully.

Example 3: Utilizing the “os.mkdir()” Method to Create Nested Directories
This example applies the discussed method to create nested directories:

import os

In the above code block, the “os.mkdir()” method creates a nested directory by specifying the absolute path along with the “main” and the “nested” directory names, respectively.


In the above output, the nested directory “new_directory” has been created inside the directory named “directory1” accordingly.

Example 4: Utilizing the “os.mkdir()” Method to Handle Errors
In this particular example, the discussed method can return an error if the directory already exists at the specified path. To handle this error, the “try-except” block is used in the program by using this example code:

import os
except FileExistsError:
    print("Directory Already Exists")

In the above code snippet:

  • Likewise, the directory is created using the “os.mkdir()” method in the “try” block.
  • The “except” block code is used to handle the probable error and display an exception message that indicates that the directory already exists at the specified path.


The above snippet indicates that the directory i.e., “directory1” already exists at the specified path.


The “os.mkdir()” method of the “os” module is used to create single, multiple, and nested directories in Python. This method takes the absolute path along with the directory name as an argument and creates a new directory. The “for” loop can be combined with the “os.mkdir()” method to create multiple directories and the “try-except” block to handle the limitations while creating a directory. This post presented an in-depth guide on the Python “os.mkdir()” method with appropriate examples.

Share Button

Source: linuxhint.com

Leave a Reply